Guava is a part of the myrtle household Myrtaceae, which incorporates flowering crops and shrubs corresponding to eucalyptus and pimenta (allspice). As a result of its widespread cultivation by means of people and animals, guava’s origins usually are not recognized, however it’s thought to have roots in northern South America and Peru, the place it was first domesticated.
Now, the fruit is usually grown in tropical and subtropical areas internationally, most notably in South America, India and Mexico. Guava can be present in Queensland, the Northern Territory and Northern New South Wales, together with the native Australian guava Bolwarra, which is grown in rainforest areas throughout Queensland and in Victoria.
Progress and harvest
Guava timber choose tropical climates, however are fairly resilient and might stand up to dry circumstances higher than most tropical fruits. The timber thrive in areas with full to mid daylight which have wealthy, well-draining soil. Whereas robust, guava timber don’t do effectively in
frost and in addition should be shielded from heavy winds.
Timber can develop as much as 6 metres in peak and have extensive canopies with greenish bark and lengthy, inexperienced leaves. Small white flowers bloom in clusters of two or three earlier than producing pear-like fruits that are usually inexperienced, however will also be yellow and darkish pink relying on the variability and stage of ripening. Guava timber can bloom all year long, however normally flower at first of hotter climate in spring.
Look and flavour profile
There are lots of varieties of guava, however Thai white, apple and cherry guavas are the most typical in Australia. Thai white guavas have inexperienced pores and skin with white flesh and are delicate in sweetness in comparison with pink-fleshed sorts. Apple guavas have inexperienced pores and skin and pink flesh, whereas cherry guavas are smaller and have pink pores and skin with juicy, white flesh.
The flavour of guava is each candy, savoury and generally tart, with the fruit generally described as being a mixture between a strawberry and a pear. Texture-wise, guavas are crunchy and have a floury, gritty and pear-like flesh.
Guava lends itself to each meals and beverage functions due to its candy, tangy and savoury flavour profile. It performs a major function in South American cookery the place it’s used within the preserve goiabada served with cheese together with glazes for grilled proteins. It is usually a core ingredient in agua fresca, which is a beverage consumed throughout Mexico.
As a result of its excessive ranges of pectin, guava is a go-to ingredient for making fruit pastes,
jellies and jams. Guava might be eaten uncooked and complete, with the pores and skin containing many of the fruit’s vitamin C ranges.
Drinks-wise, guava recurrently makes an look in smoothies and juices, not just for its style, but additionally for its excessive ranges of nutritional vitamins together with fibre and potassium.